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How To Maximizing Cannabis Yields (Handle These For Monster Results)

How To Maximizing Cannabis Yields (Handle These For Monster Results)

  • Friday, 25 June 2021
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Growing cannabis is easy.

It's basically a weed. It's even called weed. And like a weed, it just grows on its own.

Getting the maximum yield from your marijuana plant is another story.

A plant left to its own devices out in nature will grow well, but the yield will be small and low quality.

To really get the most out of your plant, you need to give it the perfect environment.

And that is the biggest benefit to growing indoors. You control everything.

You can give your plants exactly what they need and if you do, they will reward you with monster yields.

But what do they need?

Unfortunately, there is a ton of conflicting information out there. And a lot of it focuses on time-consuming tasks or expensive equipment that result in only small improvements.

That's just a huge waste. You want to focus on those fixes that bring the largest improvement. At least at first. Once you've done the big stuff, then you can focus on dialing in those things that boost yields by a small amount.

So what are the things you can fix to see large improvements in yield quality and quantity?

I'm glad you asked.


6 Ways To Boost Your Cannabis Yields

How to grow weed diagram

The factors that contribute the most to a flourishing yield are light, temperature, nutrients, and time of harvest. Here are steps you can take to maximize the benefit of each factor.


Prune Your Plants

To improve the size and quality of yields, try pruning your cannabis plants. This involves cutting off parts of the plant that get in the way of overall growth.

A major problem is large leaves sticking up above the canopy and blocking light from reaching the rest of the plant below. Trim your plants so that the canopy is even and no part of it is being shaded.

You also want to cut off dead and yellow leaves. These unnecessarily consume the plant’s resources. Getting rid of them means those resources go toward bud production or something else more important than feeding leaves that are already dead.

In addition to pruning, you can also train the plants. This involves forcing some branches to grow sideways. They eventually turn upwards toward the light, but because they grew sideways first, the whole plants ends up being wider.

Wider plants mean more canopy area for the light to hit. This, in turn, means you get more bud sites and a far larger yield. If you additionally keep plants short, they use fewer resources to grow tall and instead use those resources to make more and larger buds. 

In addition to maximizing the impact of lighting, pruning also allows better airflow to the middle of the plant. This helps prevent mold.

Here are some things to keep in mind when pruning:

  • When your plant grows into a bushy shape, start pruning.
  • Look for leaves that are dying due to lack of light.
  • Look for bud sites receiving less light.
  • When the plant enters the flowering phase, stop training and pruning branches, but you should tuck away large leaves that block light (some growers remove them, but these leaves actually provide a lot of energy for the plant).


Master Climate Control

Climate controlled weed plants

Climate is fundamental to agriculture. Growing cannabis under natural climate conditions is effortless, but it does not result in maximum yields.

When you move indoors you have total control. You regulate the temperature and the humidity. If you provide the ideal conditions for your plants, they will reward you with incredible yields.

What are the ideal conditions?

For vegging you want the keep the grow area between 70 and 85° F (20 and 30°C), with a relative humidity of 40 to 60% (I’d stay over 50%).

Flowering plants are much more sensitive to humidity. Keep it in check to prevent mold.

The temperature for flowering should be between 65 and 80° F (18 and 26° C) and the relative humidity should hover between 40 and 50% during the beginning of the flowering stage and 40 and 45% during the final weeks.

In some locations, conditions will be within those ranges naturally, at least during parts of the year. The rest of the time, you control the temperature and humidity with ventilation, cooling, heating, humidifying and dehumidifying.

This seems like a lot of work and a lot to think about. It is. You can grow weed without any of this, but to get the best possible yields, you need to provide the best possible growing conditions. There is just no way around that.


Master Lighting

Cannabis plant under grow lighting

Marijuana plants need light. And lots of it.

During vegging, they need at least 18 hours of light per day. Some growers give them 24 hours of light, but I prefer a schedule of 18 hours light and 6 hours dark.

During flowering, switch the lighting schedule to 12 hours on and 12 hours off.

The key for maximum yields is to provide large amounts of light and to distribute it as evenly as possible across the canopy. Space your lights accordingly.

When it comes to types of lighting, there are only two I recommend these days: LED or CMH. Both have a great full-spectrum light (good LEDs do anyway; avoid those that don't) and are highly efficient.

Harvest At The Right Time

Trichomes on weed plant indicate harvest time

The rule of thumb is: do not rush into it. Patience is key.

Harvesting too early means the buds have not had time to reach peak potency. Once you're past "too early", the longer you wait to harvest, the more the effects of the bud move from a speedy, energetic high to a more relaxed, narcotic high. 

So how do you know when to harvest your buds? There are a few methods to identify harvest time.

The Pistil Method

When the pistils, or hairs, are white and noticeable, it is still too early to harvest. Wait for the white pistils to turn dark.

If you are aiming for a high THC yield wait for 60-70% of the hairs to get dark. For a more calming and anti-anxiety type of bud, let 70-90% of the hairs grow dark. This does vary a bit depending on strain.

The Trichome Method

For this method, you will need a magnifier to take a closer look at the stalk of glandular trichomes on the cannabis buds. Some also like to call it the resin glands.

A jeweler's loupe works well as a magnifier.

Start checking the trichomes 3-4 weeks after they enter the flowering stage. When they begin turning milky and appear cloudy, you are entering harvest time. The cloudier they get, the more the buds move from a speedy high to a narcotic high.

The perfect harvest time very much depends on your preference. Do you want weed that gives you an energetic high, or a more relaxed, narcotic high?

For most of us, the ideal result lies in the middle, which means you'll probably want to experiment with different harvest times for your particular strain, until you get a bud that gives you exactly the type of high you are looking for.

Get a LED grow light to make your cannabis grow better.

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